These drugs are purportedly used primarily to treat cognitive or motor function difficulties attributable to disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and ADHD. Some researchers, however, report more widespread use despite concern for further research. Nevertheless, intense marketing may not correlate with efficacy. While scientific studies support the beneficial effects of some compounds, manufacturer’s marketing claims for dietary supplements are usually not formally tested and verified by independent entities.
In the United States military, modafinil has been approved for use on certain Air Force missions, and it is being investigated for other uses. As of November 2012, modafinil is the only drug approved by the Air Force as a “go pill” for fatigue management. The use of dextroamphetamine is no longer approved.
SMART DRUGS II carries this principle even further with a remarkable study quoted on pages 114-117. School children given a multivitamin/mineral supplement of 100% RDA showed IQ improvement greater than those given 50% or 200% RDA. Even if megavitamins promote health and have anti-aging effects, if these results are true then those who take megavitamins may be gaining benefits at an IQ cost. The implications for “Orthomolecular Psychiatry” must also be re-examined in this light. At a recent conference I asked one of the authors about this (Ward Dean) and he seemed dumbfounded. He suggested that I subscribe to SMART DRUG NEWS and write a letter to the editor.
DuckDose is one of the few online modafinil stores to stock armodafinil (waklert) in 150 mg tablets. Armodafinil is an enantiopure of modafinil, or in other words it’s one of the two sides of modafinil. Drugs have two mirroring structures, each of which has different effects. Armodafinil is thought to be superior to modafinil by having a smoother onset and fewer side effects. DuckDose is probably the cheapest vendor with modafinil (modalert) 200 mg tablets going as low as $0.85 per pill. Like many other modafinil vendors, DuckDose offers free express shipping, credit card payments, and full refund if the order is seized by customs.
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Choline is available in several forms, but not all of them are equal. Some Choline supplements are not available for use in the brain because of an inability to cross the blood-brain barrier effectively. Two of the more bio-available forms of Choline are Alpha-GPC and Citicoline.
Although centrophenoxine has not been shown to be toxic in animal tests, it should not be used by nursing mothers, or by people with high blood pressure, convulsions or involuntary musculoskeletal movements caused by such conditions as Parkinson’s disease.
Forskolin is especially effective if you combine it with artichoke extract. Artichoke extract inhibits PDE4, an enzyme that breaks down cAMP. PDE4 inhibitors make cAMP more available, and when you add in artichoke extract’s cAMP-enhancing effects, you get a significant boost to learning, memory, and motivation.
Modafinil is currently classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance under United States federal law; it is illegal to import by anyone other than a DEA-registered importer without a prescription. However, one may legally bring modafinil into the United States in person from a foreign country, provided that he or she has a prescription for it, and the drug is properly declared at the border crossing. U.S. residents are limited to 50 dosage units (e.g., pills). Under the US Pure Food and Drug Act, drug companies are not allowed to market their drugs for off-label uses (conditions other than those officially approved by the FDA); Cephalon was reprimanded in 2002 by the FDA because its promotional materials were found to be “false, lacking in fair balance, or otherwise misleading”. Cephalon pleaded guilty to a criminal violation and paid several fines, including $50 million and $425 million fines to the U.S. government in 2008.
I have great hope that medicine will wake up to the amazing benefits of nootropics and begin to incorporate them into society. Many of them not only increase your quality of life, they make your brain more resilient to the environment around you. We could all use a little more that.
L-Theanine is an amino acid naturally found in green tea that promotes relaxation without the drowsiness or negative side effects associated with other calming agents. L-Theanine also supports healthy cardiovascular function through this relaxing effect as well as its antioxidant properties. Look for Theanine and other NOW® products in health food stores nationwide. Vcaps is […]
Piracetam seems to help step up the flow of messages between the two hemispheres or halves of the brain, which is sometimes called the interhemispheric flow of information. Dean and Morgenthaler speculate that the increased communication between right and left brains is associated with flashes of creativity. They believe that piracetam may actually have a regenerative effect on the nervous system. Piracetam may improve learning by increasing the brain’s ability to synthesize new proteins. The specific chain of events is complicated and beyond the scope of this book, but the upshot of the research is that piracetam is a powerful nootropic that seems to contribute to improved memory and learning through several different types of chemical changes that it triggers in the brain.